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Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort

Dr. Abhishek Karn, Rachana Karna, Prava Bajgain, Dr. Birendra K Mandal.

Abstract
Objective: To underline the significance of lip prints in forensic investigation for identification, to document common lip print patterns, to analyse and evaluate them in relation to the gender from the population under study.
Methods: This study was conducted on 150 (75 males and 75 females) Nepalese medical students (18–25 years) of Universal College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Bhairahawa. After applying lipstick evenly, the glue portion of cellophane tape was used to obtain the impression of the lips which was transferred on to a white bond paper. The data was compiled and analyzed with Z-test for proportion to assess gender differences in lip-print patterns and a p value < 0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance.
Results: No two individuals had similar lip print pattern, the most frequent pattern was Type I (48%) followed by Type II (31%). The predominant pattern of lip print in males were clear-cut grooves running vertically across the lip (75%) and that in females were branched grooves (56%). Type I, Type II and Type V lip print patterns were significantly associated with sex (p < 0.001) hence can be used in the identification of gender among the suspects.
Conclusion: This loom of gender and individual identification utilizing lip prints is pertinent in defined group and the authors recommend the practical utilization of this technique which is virtually absent in Nepali medico-legal system, in routine civil and criminal litigations.

Key words: Forensic sciences, forensic pathology, lip prints, cheiloscopy, identification, sex determination


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Karn DA, Karna R, Bajgain P, Mandal DBK. Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort. Eur J Forensic Sci. 2015; 2(1): 14-17. doi:10.5455/ejfs.173146


Web Style

Karn DA, Karna R, Bajgain P, Mandal DBK. Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort. http://www.ejfs.co.uk/?mno=173146 [Access: December 16, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ejfs.173146


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Karn DA, Karna R, Bajgain P, Mandal DBK. Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort. Eur J Forensic Sci. 2015; 2(1): 14-17. doi:10.5455/ejfs.173146



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Karn DA, Karna R, Bajgain P, Mandal DBK. Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort. Eur J Forensic Sci. (2015), [cited December 16, 2017]; 2(1): 14-17. doi:10.5455/ejfs.173146



Harvard Style

Karn, D. A., Karna, R., Bajgain, P. & Mandal, D. B. K. (2015) Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort. Eur J Forensic Sci, 2 (1), 14-17. doi:10.5455/ejfs.173146



Turabian Style

Karn, Dr. Abhishek, Rachana Karna, Prava Bajgain, and Dr. Birendra K Mandal. 2015. Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort. European Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2 (1), 14-17. doi:10.5455/ejfs.173146



Chicago Style

Karn, Dr. Abhishek, Rachana Karna, Prava Bajgain, and Dr. Birendra K Mandal. "Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort." European Journal of Forensic Sciences 2 (2015), 14-17. doi:10.5455/ejfs.173146



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Karn, Dr. Abhishek, Rachana Karna, Prava Bajgain, and Dr. Birendra K Mandal. "Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort." European Journal of Forensic Sciences 2.1 (2015), 14-17. Print. doi:10.5455/ejfs.173146



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Karn, D. A., Karna, R., Bajgain, P. & Mandal, D. B. K. (2015) Morphological Patterns of Lip Prints in Relation to Gender in a Defined Cohort. European Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2 (1), 14-17. doi:10.5455/ejfs.173146



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